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Persian Mashad Rug and Mashad Carpet Specifications

Mashad rug

Where Mashad rug from?

Mashad rugs come from a city called Mashad. The holy city of Mashad is in eastern Iran, in the huge province of Khorasan. Mashad is the holiest city in Iran; this is where the eighth imam died and was buried in the year 817. Carpet manufacturing is extensive in Mashad and most Mashad rugs carry medallion motifs. The Mashad rug is famous for its softness. We classified Mashhad rugs into two groups: the Mashhad carpet and the Turkbaf Mashhad carpet. Usually, Mashhad rug is knotting with a Persian knots but Turkbaf Mashad rug, as the name implies, uses Turkish style of knots by artisans who emigrated from Tabriz to Mashhad in the 19th century.

Mashad rug design and motifs

mashad rug carpet design
Mashad rug carpet design

Both groups of Mashad rugs carry the floral motif called Islimi. The main type of the Islimi motifs is the rotating branches between the leaves. These branches are abstracted from tree designs. Thin wavy scrolls appear throughout the field. The central medallion in Mashad rugs is usually round.

Mashad rug colors

The colors in Mashad rugs are vivid, with a predominance of red. The edge is formed by two or three lateral bands, quite narrow, decorated with flowers, and by a long central band adorned with the Islimi motif or with flowers in rectangles or rhombuses.

Mashad carpets size and quality

If you are looking for a rug for large areas, such as your room or living room, a Mashhad rug is ideal for you. Since its production comprises sizes greater than 200x300cm. They make a good Mashad rug with the soft wool of Khorasan. These Persian rugs are mostly symmetrically knotted and contain a density of 160,000-350,000 knots per square meter. Two weft threads with cotton yarn and a warp of the same material as a supplement characterize this class of oriental rugs.


There are many large Persian rugs. Mashhad rugs are a good example of them. In our Online Store, you can find a whole range of Mashhad rugs for your home. Either for the dining room or for the living room, you can easily request a Persian Mashhad rug online.

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Persian Kashan carpet and Kashan Rug Specifications

Kashan rug and carpet

Persian rugs are very pretty, a classic example of Persian rugs are Kashan rugs. In Kashan rug, wool is often used for knotting. However, there are also many cases where silk is knotting. The Kashan Carpet name is coming from the Kashan city where this type of carpet is woven.

The city of Kashan is located in the north of Isfahan one of the biggest artistic and historic cities in Iran. Also, it’s located in the center of a large carpet production area.

In Kashan, a city that has long since become a center for making high-quality carpets, almost most inhabitants live on the carpet and women represent two-thirds of the people dedicated to carpet weaving.

Traditional weaving techniques of Kashan carpets are transmitted by grandmothers and mothers to their daughters and granddaughters through learning. Men also acquire through learning the techniques of designing, shearing wool, dyeing, and manufacturing looms and other instruments.

Persian Kashan carpet weaver
Persian Kashan carpet weaver

The process of manufacturing a carpet begins with the elaboration of a design based on a series of established styles with motifs of flowers, leaves, branches, animals and historical scenes. The carpet is woven on a loom called dar and the warp and weft threads are made of cotton or silk. To make the carpet, these threads are tied to the warp with a specific technique: the Farsi or Persian knot. Then, the knots are held with a weft thread. The Farsi technique of the fabric – also called the asymmetric knot – is practiced in Kashan with exceptional delicacy, which can be seen in the fine and regular knots on the back of the carpets.

Kashan’s rugs are among the best in Persian carpets thanks to the quality of their wool, their extraordinarily knots density and the beauty of color and drawings.  To make Kashan rug  a precise design, the weavers tie asymmetrically with knots of a density of 90,000-500,000. The two weft threads located between the rows of knots are a characteristic feature of high-quality Kashan carpets.

Traditional carpet weaving techniques in Kashan were chosen as Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2010, by UNESCO.

Persian carpet dyes
Persian carpet dyes

The Kashan carpet is almost always adorned with a central medallion that ends at the top and bottom with two flowery crowns and in the rest of the background flowers and foliage are intertwined. In the elementary selection of the design, there are always variable patterns.

The colors of all Kashan rug are almost uniform: red alternates with blue and beige and these colors are also chosen especially in dark tones. The colors are obtained using natural dyes extracted from the nutshell, the pomegranate bark, the vine leaf, etc.

The Kashan carpet is knotted on vertical looms and its knot type is Persian knot, made of very good quality wool and its velvet is short. Also, the warp and woof in Kashan carpet are made of cotton. Furthermore, the density of the knots is from 2000 to 6,000 knots / dm², up to 9,000 knots / dm² for silk carpets

The “Panj rang” Kashan carpet (“five colors carpet”) is knotted only with wool of five colors. Generally, the background is ivory and the motifs have different shades of beige, gray and light blue.

If you are looking for an authentic Persian Kashan rug of high quality for your home, in our Online Shop of Persian rugs we have all kinds We assure you, you will never regret buying one of these.

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Persian Tabriz Carpet and Rug Specifications

Tabriz Persian Carpet | Tabriz rug


Tabriz Persian Carpet | Tabriz rug
Tabriz Persian Carpet | Tabriz rug

Tabriz carpet or Tabriz rug is a type of Persian carpet. Tabriz, a big city in northwestern Iran, was a historic center of carpet production and is a region well known for its carpets. After the mid-nineteenth century, Tabriz relaunched carpet production and has become a production center for export to all over the world.

Tabriz rugs are very diverse

Tabriz rug has particular importance. In the workshops of this city, the first carpets for export purposes were manufactured. After issuing old carpets abroad, the merchants began to produce them themselves in the workshops, from the measures and colors requested by European merchants. It is perhaps one of the reasons why these carpets are not distinguished by a particular color. Tabriz carpets have a great variety of colors and shadows are used to create depth in them.

Tabriz carpet design and pattern

Tabriz carpet pattern usually is consist of flower decoration, often with a central medallion. The motifs include flowering trees, shrubs, and large leaves. There are also specimens with animals and plant motifs. In Tabriz carpets, generally, there are three bands at the edge, adorned with the motifs of the field.

Tabriz Carpet’s Quality and Density

Knot Type in Tabriz rug is Turkish knot and Vertical looms are used to manufacture it. The Tabriz carpet is usually knotted with medium length wool and silk is used rarely. Warp and woof are made of cotton and double for the weft which makes it very durable. The density of the knots in Tabriz Carpets is from 1,600 to 7,400 knots/dm²*.

The super finest textures of Persian carpets are woven in Tabriz.

Tabriz silk carpet

Tabriz silk carpets are also woven into silk flowers, whole silk or silk binding warp carpets, and Tabriz silk carpets are one of the best Persian carpets. Also, most of the silk used in tabriz rugs are made in Khorasan and Tehran.

* Knot density = warp×weft and 1,000/square decimeter = 100,000/square meter = 65/square inch = 179/gereh.

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Persian carpet & Persian rug | full information

Persian carpet and Persian rug

What is Persian carpet?

The Persian rug or Persian carpet is a name for a handmade rug from Persia / Iran. Persian carpets are counted among the early applied arts. The use of rugs for the decoration of the temple is already mentioned in the Bible. The oldest known knotted carpet is the so-called Pazyryk. A Persian or oriental rug is a rug made by hand (see carpet knots), machine-made rugs do not belong to this group.

Persian carpet weaver
Persian carpet weaver

The Persian handmade (hand-knotted) carpet is woven by the hands of nomadic artists, either by skilled hands of Persian urban or suburban people. The Persian carpet is the result of thousands of wool knit or silk knits that are carefully trimmed around each warp.

Persian carpets and rug design

Each carpet has its own unique design and story and some Persian carpets are woven from complicated patterns. Some Persian carpets are knotted just by its weavers’ creative nature and are inspired by the surrounding natural environment and the way of life.

After weavers knotted each knot with a suitable colored thread according to the pattern map and completed a row, they knock on the newly knotted knots so that the knots were fixed and the previous ridge and the new ridge were separated. Weaving a carpet takes months or even years and the buyer takes a beautiful, durable and functional to home.

Why we buy Persian carpets?

The Persian carpet is recognized as a symbol of Iranian originality and art throughout the world and has many fans around the world, with about one-third of the world’s hand-knotted carpets being woven in Iran.

The Persian carpet is the favorite style of any kind of people and decoration designers due to its variety. Also, one of the hallmarks of Iranian handmade carpets is its high quality, and as a result, old Persian carpets that have remained for many years have more material and spiritual value than other carpets.

In most Persian carpets, cotton is used as warp and woof and warp beam, although in some tribal rug wool is used as warp and woof, and in silk rugs, silk and sleave are often used for warp and woof and texture. Usually wool, silk, and cotton are used for Iranian carpet weaving, however, sometimes camel wool or goat wool is used in nomad carpets.

Persian carpet types based on origins

The classification system based on geographical area and carpet quality is used throughout Iran.


Persian carpets are classified according to the region where the carpet is woven. For example, Tabriz Carpet is a carpet woven in or near Tabriz city. Of course, an important carpet center like Tabriz has subframes like Tabriz fish.

Each city, village, or tribe has its own carpet weave, which is almost like the brand of that area. If a pattern is well-known, other centers will try to mimic it, although copying will never be the same as the original.

Sometimes a carpet known as a particular city is not woven in that city, because the quality of the carpet is also a decisive factor. For example, delicate carpets that are woven in the city of Mashhad, are often famous as the mod carpet, the mod is a small village near Mashhad, and a carpet that has the name of the mod is not necessarily woven in the mod.

Another method for categorizing carpets is a classification based on the city where the carpet is sold. For example, Arak is a small city that has one of the most famous carpet markets. Arak is among the dozens of villages where carpets are widely woven there. The villagers are sending carpets to Arak for sale, and thus these carpets are called Arak carpets. Similarly, Birjand is also a city in the southern Khorasan province and far from Mashhad, but some carpets that have a certain quality and are sold in Mashhad are called Birjand carpets.

Tribal and urban Persian carpets

tribal Persian carpet and rug
tribal Persian carpet and rug

Persian carpets can be divided into general categories of tribal or nomadic and urban. The tribal carpets are woven into the hands of the elders and residents of the small villages. In general, carpets of nomads have a lower quality than urban carpets. However, materials such as wool and dyes used in carpet weaving have the highest quality, and generally, the tribal carpets are very impressive.

Dyes used in nomad carpets are mainly from vegetable and are better than chromic or chemical dyes. Persian carpets have very diverse designs. Native rug usually has a geometric design, with few details and just a few bright colors.

While urban carpets have a more detailed pattern, they have a lot of different colors. In addition, some cities have only a few patterns, while large cities such as Tabriz have pattern mines! The carpet experts can usually determine the carpet’s origin according to its pattern.